Clinical Services

Encephalitis Treatment in Lansdowne VA

When the brain experiences swelling and inflammation as the result of a virus, it is known as encephalitis. This condition can be deadly if not addressed and treated when symptoms begin to appear.

What Causes Encephalitis?

This disease can affect the brain in one of two ways. Either the infection is the result of a faulty immune system, or it can directly infect the brain. Such an infection typically correlates to some sort of insect bite, but can also be shared through contact with other creatures like birds or even humans.

These common causes include:

  • Mosquito-borne viruses
  • Tick-borne viruses
  • Enteroviruses
  • Rabies virus
  • HSV type 1 and 2
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rubella

Signs of Encephalitis

Encephalitis is somewhat rare, though it most often occurs in children, the elderly, and people with a compromised immune system. Those who are infected with encephalitis are likely to experience the following symptoms as a result of the disease:

  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea

If a case of encephalitis worsens, it is likely that individuals will notice more severe symptoms, such as:

  • Hallucinations
  • Increased irritability
  • Paralysis or stiffness of the body
  • A rising fever
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty speaking or hearing
  • Fainting

Treatment Options in Northern VA

If you begin to notice any preliminary symptoms of encephalitis, please consult your physician immediately. Many of the early signs of this disease are similar to that of the flu, which you should also see a medical professional about. If your condition starts to worsen, or you notice any severe symptoms associated with encephalitis, please seek emergent care.

Encephalitis can be treated rather easily using antiviral medications, rest, hydrating fluids, and anti-inflammatories. Each patient’s course of treatment will need to be determined and administered by a specialist in order to ensure that it provides the best possible benefit to them and their health. Follow-up care may be necessary if any complications are encountered as a result of an individual’s infection.

Schedule an Appointment

To seek treatment for encephalitis, or to learn more about this concerning disease, please contact Virginia Center for Neuroscience today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Tuwiner. You may do so by calling (703) 293-5244, or by submitting a request online through our secure form.